Akbar The Great

Reign
1556 to 1605
Full name
Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar I
Titles
His Majesty Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Imam-i-'Adil, Sultan ul-Islam Kaffatt ul-Anam, Amir ul-Mu'minin, Khalifat ul-Muta'ali Sahib-i-Zaman, Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah ['Arsh-Ashyani], Emperor of India
Born
23 November 1542(1542-11-23)
Birthplace
Amarkot Fort, Sind
Died
27 October 1605 (aged 63)
Place of death
Fatehpur Sikri, Agra
Buried
Bihishtabad Sikandra, Agra
Predecessor
Nasiruddin Humayun
Successor
Nuruddin Salim Jahangir
Offspring
Jahangir, 5 other sons and 6 daughters
Royal House
House of Timur
Dynasty
Mughal
Father
Nasiruddin Humayun
Mother
Nawab Hamida Banu Begum Sahiba
Religiousbelief
Islam, Din i Ilahi

Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar (جلال الدین محمد اکبر Jalāl ud-Dīn Muhammad Akbar), also known as Akbar the Great (November 23, 1542 – October 27, 1605) was the third Mughal Emperor of India/Hindustan. He was of Timurid descent; the son of Humayun, and the grandson of Babur who founded the dynasty. At the end of his reign in 1605 the Mughal empire covered most of Northern India.Akbar was only thirteen when his father died of an unfortunate accident in the palace at Delhi.

Akbar "The Great" was one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. He was born when Humayun and his first wife, Hamida Bano, were fugitives escaping towards Iran. It was during these wanderings that Akbar was born in Umerkot, Sindh, on November 23, 1542. Legend has it that Humayun prophesied a bright future for his son, and thus accordingly, named him Akbar.

Akbar was raised in the rugged country of Afghanistan rather than amongst the splendor of the Delhi court. He spent his youth learning to hunt, run, and fight and never found time to read or write. He was the only great Mughal ruler who was illiterate.

Akbar was lucky to have bairam Khan as regent in those early teenage years.During the first five years of his rule, Akbar was assisted and advised by Bahram Khan in running the affairs of the country. Bahram Khan was, however, removed and for a few years Akbar ruled under the influence of his nurse Maham Anga. After 1562, Akbar freed himself from external influences and ruled supreme.

During his reign, Akbar managed to subdue almost all of India, with the remaining areas becoming tributary states. Along with his military conquests, he introduced a series of reforms to consolidate his power. Akbar practiced tolerance aimed at Hindu-Muslim unification through the introduction of a new religion known as Din-i-Ilahi. He appointed nobles and mansabdars without any religious prejudice.

His court had numerous scholars of the day who are well known as "Nauratan". Akbar had three sons Prince Salim, Murad and Daniyal. Prince Murad and Daniyal died in their prime during their father's lifetime.Akbar faced problems with Prince Salim and the last four years of Akbar's life were consumed in crushing Salim's rebellion. Akbar fell ill and died of slow poisoning on October 27, 1605. With him ended the most glorious period in Indian history.Abul Fazal written akbarnama ..

Akbar Main Achievement in Life Time

 

1.Panipat second Battle

2.Haldhighati Battle

3. Din-e-ilahi

4.Mansabdari system

5.Zizya Tax

image from top 1.diwan i khas . 2.akbar tomb sikandra , 3.lahore fort rebuilt 1556. 4.akbar , tansen meet swami haridas 5. fatehpur sikri.... Do you want Free Home loan
Historical Date Of India
Akbar moves the Mugul capital from Lahore back to Agra
1598 ad
British East India Company is established.
1600 ad
Mugul conquer the Decca sultanates
1601 ad
Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Salim, who renames himself Jahangir
1605 ad
Jahangir defeats a conspiracy by his son Khusrau .
1606 ad
Jahangir marries queen Nur Jahan .
1611 ad
Jahangir's son, prince Khurram, pacifies the southern states and receives the title of Shah Jahan .
1617 ad
Jahangir's son, prince Khurram, conquers the fortress of Kangra, thus subjecting the Himalaya hills to Mogul control
1648 ad
Safavids reconquer Kandahar .
1622 ad
Jahangir dies
1627 ad
Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi is defeated and killed .
1630 ad
Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal dies giving birth to her 14th child
1631 ad
Next History Date  
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Unlike Babur or Humayun, Akbar had both the time and the resources to build on a monumental scale. Most of the monuments were constructed in or near Agra rather than in Delhi, Hambly writes. Akbar did not have great affection for Delhi, although most important Mughal structures had been built there. For Akbar, Delhi must have been a city of unhappy memories -- the scene of his father's death and his own narrow escape from an assassination attempt. the principal landmarks in Delhi -- the Purana Qala, the city walls and gateways -- commemorated the greatness of Sheir Shah whom Akbar considered as the usurper of his father's kingdom. Since Delhi was the capital of both the Lodi Sultanate and the Sher Shah Sur dynasty, the city was always restless and hostile to the Mughals. In light of these circumstances, Akbar must have found Agra a more attractive residence.Akbar initially ruled from Delhi, but two years later he moved to Agra. The city was renamed Akbarabad in his honor and became the greatest city in the empire. The main part of the city lay on the west bank of the Yamuna and was provided with a drainage system to control the flow of rainwater.

Akbar was not a a drunkard like his grandfather nor clumsy like his father…he became a wise and strong administrator…he reconciled with the Hindus in the kingdom, preaching tolerance…he encouraged intermarriage between Hindus and Muslims…abolished the jizya…promotedHindus into high ranking positions in government…created a new religion, Din-i-Ilahi, a combination of Islam and Hinduism