Alamgir || (1754-1759)

Reign
1754-1759
Full name
Aziz-ud-din Alamgir II
Born
1699
Died
December 11, 1759
Buried
Delhi
Predecessor
Ahmad Shah Bahadur
Successor
Shah Jahan III
Dynasty
Timurid
Father
Jahandar Shah
Aziz-ud-din Alamgir II (عالمگير ) (1759 - 1699) was the Mughal Emperor of India from June 3, 1754 to December 11, 1759. He was the son of Jahandar Shah.

Aziz-ud-Din, the second son of Jahandar Shah, was raised to the throne by Ghazi-ud-Din after he deposed Ahmad Shah Bahadur in 1754. On ascending the throne, he took the title of Alamgir and tried to follow the approach of Aurangzeb Alamgir. At the time of his accession to throne he was an old man of 55 years. He had no experience of administration and warfare as he had spent most of his life in jail. He was a weak ruler, with all powers vested in the hand of his Wazir, Ghazi-ud-Din Imad-ul-Mulk. In 1756, Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India once again and captured Delhi and plundered Mathura. Marathas became more powerful because of their collaboration with Ghazi-ud-Din, and dominated the whole of northern India. This was the peak of Maratha expansion, which caused great trouble for the Mughal Empire, already weak with no strong ruler.

The relations between Alamgir and his Wazir, Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung III, by this time had gotten worse. Alamgir was murdered by Nawab Mir Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung III (grandson of Asaf Jah I), and the son of Alamgir, Ali Gauhar succeeded him.

Aziz-ud-Din, the second son of Jahandar Shah, was raised to the throne by Ghazi-ud-Din Imad-ul-Mulk after he deposed Ahmad Shah Bahadur in 1754, whom he blinded, imprisoned and later killed (1775). During Ahmad Shah's reign, the Persian ruler, Nader Shah had sacked Delhi (1738-1739) and carried off both the Peacock Throne and the Koh-i-Noor diamond, both symbols of Moghul prestige and so much treasure that Persians subsequently enjoyed a three year holiday from taxation. According to Schimmel, et al, Ahmad Shah had been raised by "women" and taught nothing about military matters.

Historical Date Of India
Asoka calls for the third Buddhist council at Patna to codify the Buddhist canon of scriptures (Tipitaka)
247 bc
first Buddhist mission to Sri Lanka
246 bc
Hinayana Buddhism (the Pali canon) spreads in Ceylon, Burma, Thailand
50 bc
the Mahaviranhara and Abhayagiri monasteries are founded in Ceylon
24 bc
Mahayana Buddhism is introduced in China
68 ad
the Pure Land sutra is composed
100 ad
Yun-kang cave temples in China
494 ad
Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, visits India
50 ad
Kanishka, king of the Kushan, enlarges the kingdom
127 ad
Kushan king Kanishka dies
162 ad
the Manu code prescribes the rules of everyday life
200 ad
Ardashir I Sassanid conquers the Kushan empire
233 ad
the Satavahanas disintegrate
250 ad
Next History Date  

Main Battle During Alamgir || reign time..........................

 

Battle Of Plassey.