Reason of Mughal Dynasty Decline

After Aurangzeb's death in 1707, the empire fell into decline. Beginning with Bahadur Shah I, the Mughal Emperors progressively declined in power and became figureheads, being initially controlled by sundry courtiers and later by various rising warlords. In the 18th century, the Empire suffered the depredations of invaders like Nadir Shah of Persia and Ahmed Shah Abdali of Afghanistan, who repeatedly sacked Delhi, the Mughal capital. The greater portion of the empire's territories in India passed to the Marathas, who sacked Delhi, reducing the once powerful and mighty empire to just lone city before falling to the British. Other adversaries included Sikh Empire and Hyderabad Nizams. In 1804, the blind and powerless Shah Alam II formally accepted the protection of the British East India Company. The British had already begun to refer to the weakened Emperor as "King of Delhi," rather than "Emperor of India."
One of the most potent causes of the fall of the Mughal Empire was the deterioration and demoralization of the army. The military had not only become inefficient but also lacked in training, discipline and cohesion. The army was out-dated in regard to equipment. It consisted of contingents maintained by various nobles, which was the main source of Army's weakness.The Mughals had no navy and only maintained small ships that were no match for the well-equipped ships of the foreign traders. It was this weakness that the French and the British used to their advantage, and were eventually able to establish their control over India.
The Reasons Behind The Decline Of The Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire was the first large empire in India since the Gupta Empire (nearly a millennium years of difference); it was made up of many ethnicities, a variety of geographic localities, and hundreds of nobles and their principalities. At its largest extent, this empire contained over 150 million inhabitants, as well as encompassing 3.6 million square kilometers. However, as all empires do, the Mughal Empire faced many difficulties, and by the turn of the 19th century, had weakened significantly.
The first leader of the Mughal Empire in India was Babur, who reigned from 1527-1530. His original territory was in Afghanistan, but had aspirations to move into the weakened Indian subcontinent. However, with Aurangzeb Alamgir the last of the “great moguls” (although he arguably sowed the seeds for the empire's eventual decline) in 1707, the Mughal Empire suffered poor leadership throughout the rest of its history.the death of Alamgir in 1707 is generally regarded as the beginning of the gradual decline, and ultimately fall, of the once extensive, prosperous and powerful Mughal Empire. Although it took nearly 150 years before the House of Babur finally disappeared from the scene, the cracks that had appeared at Alamgir's death widened.His son Muazzam, who ruled from 1707 to 1712, succeeded Aurangzeb Alamgir. He took for himself the title of Bahadur Shah. He ruled for five years and momentarily revived the Mughal Empire. But the Marhatta's power increased and they became the unchallenged rulers of Deccan. In the province of Punjab, the Sikhs under Guru Govind Singh became a force to reckon with. One of the reasons that power centers kept springing up outside Delhi was the frequent change in the succession of Empires. Nearly 17 kings were crowned during the period spanning from 1707 to 1857. Read More reason
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1.Succession problem:(note this was the biggest problem) u see there was a constant power in the mughals similar to any dynasty if we jog our memories we'll remember that when shah jehan was ill correct me if im wrong he had 4 sons all wanted the throne but Auranzeb was more ambitious and he had his brothers killed,imprisoned and when his father became better than he imprisoned his father and became a king,also the kings after Aurangzeb were total dodo's only for the money and constantly being changed because of power strggles.
2.Frivilous power and over confidence: they became to rich spent their money on frivilous stuff like silk robes,jewelery monuments note monuments like buildings in their memory and not for the benifit of th ppl thus they were so involved that they didnt really take heed of the outside forces entering the empire and taking over.Also because their army in the past was so powerfull they thought they could never be defeated and thus the empire was disintrigrated the British allowd entry when Shah Jehan was a governer took control and we lost the empire.
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