Historical Date Of India
Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a tomb for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal
Tomb as to be “as beautiful as she was beautiful”
Took 22 years and 20,000 workers to build
Made of marble, sapphires, bloodstones, rubies, and lapis lazuli
Shah Jahan tried to turn his empire into an Islamic state
Ordered the destruction of Hindu temples, taxed non-Muslims more heavily than Muslims, removed Hindus from high gov’t offices
Mughal empire reached its peak, but the religious intolerance weakened the gov’t
•Shah Jehan succeeded his father in 1627.
•Better ruler than Jehangir.
–Restored the efficiency of government.
–Foreign traders were allowed into India and trade increased considerably.
•The empire was expanded.
•Shah Jehan was a patron of the arts
–Built many great architecture buildings including the Taj Mahal and the Peacock Throne, a brilliant gold throne encased in hundreds of precious gems.
–Built in honor of his wife who died during childbirth.
–Took over a decade to build and it nearly bankrupted the empire.
•1657 - Shah Jehan became seriously ill and a dispute over the succession of the throne ensued between his three sons.
•Aurangzeb deposed Shah Jehan in a coup d’etat in 1658. Shah Jehan was imprisoned in the Octagonal Tower of the Agra Fort from which he could see the Taj Mahal. He died in 1666 and was buried next to his wife in the Taj Mahal.